Attention-Deficit/‌Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

“Don’t let ADHD get in the way of living your life to the fullest. ​Get a Brain Scan and Clinical Survey now, and find out if your brain is showing physiological signs of ADHD.”

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)​ is a disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention, impulsivity and/or hyperactivity that interferes with functioning or development.

  • Inattention​ refers to behavior where a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.
  • Hyperactivity​ is behavior marked by the tendency to move about constantly with a general feeling of restlessness. It includes excessive fidgeting or talking.
  • Impulsivity​ refers to behaviors where someone makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them. These actions may occur as a desire for immediate rewards, and have a high potential for harm.

Blue Valley Physical Therapy’s 30 minute, EEG Brain Scan is a highly reliable way to test for ADHD, and it will provide your doctor with valuable information to aid in their ability to make a final diagnosis of your condition.

Research Study

A Meta-analysis of Quantitative EEG Power Associated With ADHD
(Steven M. Snyder and James R. Hall, Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology. Volume 23, Number 5, October 2006; Brain Electrical Activity and ADHD)

  • Design: Meta-analytic review of 38 studies.
  • All studies examined EEG data, specifically the ratio of theta/beta brainwaves, and its relationship to a diagnosis of ADHD.
  • Findings “support that a theta/beta ratio increase is a commonly observed trait in ADHD relative to controls in children, adolescents, and adults.”
  • EEG, Theta/Beta ratio is highly predictive of a diagnosis of ADHD with a Sensitivity of 86-90% and a Specificity of 94-98%, ​which is similar to values predicted by retrospective studies examining ADHD and normal controls in group comparisons​.

“General changes in theta and beta power coincide with previous studies finding about ​90% sensitivity​ for the presence of a raised theta/beta ratio in ADHD patients versus normal children, adolescents, and adults.”

ADHD Facts

​(According to the National Institute of Mental Health)

Prevalence of ADHD

  • 10.2% of children ages 4-17 have ADHD, with boys representing 14% and girls representing 6.2%.
  • 4.4% of US adults have ADHD. Of these adults, 38% are women and 62% are men (Kessler et al. 2006).
  • Approximately 50% of visits by children to psychiatric clinics involve the diagnosis of ADHD.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Main symptoms are hyperactivity, ​inattention, restlessness, and impulsivity.
  • Can appear as early as 3 years of age.
  • Sometimes ADHD symptoms are mistaken for emotional or disciplinary problems.
  • Adults with undiagnosed ADHD may have a history of poor academic performance, problems at work, or difficult or failed relationships.
  • Symptoms can change over time as a person ages.
  • Hyperactivity-impulsivity is the most predominant symptom in children.
  • Adolescents may develop less hyperactivity, but show more restlessness, inattention and impulsivity which tends to persist into adulthood.
  • Adolescents may struggle with relationships and antisocial behaviors.

Diagnosing ADHD

  • Diagnosing ADHD requires a comprehensive evaluation by a licensed clinician, such as a pediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist with expertise in ADHD.
  • For a person to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity must be long-lasting, impair the person’s functioning, and cause the person to fall behind typical development for his or her age.
  • Most children with ADHD receive a diagnosis during the elementary school years. For an adolescent or adult to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms need to have been present before age 12.

Causes of ADHD

No-one knows for sure what causes ADHD. We do know that it is more common in males than females, and females with ADHD are more likely to have problems with inattention. Other conditions, such as learning disabilities, anxiety disorder, conduct disorder, depression, and substance abuse are common in people with ADHD.

ADHD Treatment

Although there is no cure for ADHD, there are many successful treatments that can help reduce symptoms and improve function. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, education or training, or a combination of treatments.

ADHD Resources

Youngest Children In A Class Are Most Likely To Get ADHD Diagnosis

www.NPR.org